United States Labor Laws – What you Need to Know
U.S. Labor Laws
A good manager keeps the welfare of his/her employees at the forefront when scheduling shifts. Even if you consider yourself one of them, you need to be up-to-date on the latest labor laws to ensure you do not violate their rights unknowingly. The following are some U.S. based labor laws that should be at your fingertips-
Wages and Hours worked
The FLSA or the Fair Labor Standards is responsible for setting standards for overtime as well as the wages you pay your employees. This law affects most private and public companies. Under it, employers must pay their employees the minimum federal wage unless they are exempt. This includes overtime pay that will include one and one half time of the regular rate.
In a non agricultural industry, the law puts a restriction on the hours a typical 16 year old can work in an establishment and in some cases also forbids employment of anyone less than 18 years of age for jobs that are deemed dangerous.
Safety and Health Laws
Workplace safety and health issues are monitored by OSHA or the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, which ensures that all public and private industries are meeting standard rules and regulations when it comes to employee safety and health. Businesses that are covered by the OSH Act (Occupational Safety and Health), have to meet health regulations and employers are must provide an environment for their employees that is free from workplace hazards.
The Act is regulated with customary inspections, so it is important to ensure your business is free of harmful elements. However, if you keep a regular check on supplies or assign someone to do so, this might not be an issue for you.
Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA)
FECA or the Federal Employees' Compensation Act consists of a comprehensive worker's compensation plan that provides care for employees that are injured or disabled during their duties. The law offers benefits for the wages the employee loses during the recovery along with medical costs as well as costs for vocational rehab.
Also known as ‘whistleblower' protection, there are some labor laws that allow employees to file complaints anonymously about their employers regarding any workplace violations they are suffering from. This can be anything from lost wages due to a disability, injury, to unpaid overtime wages. This can also include job re-instatement in case the law believes that a fired employee was treated unfairly.
Keeping your employees' best interests in mind should be one of your main concerns when you are scheduling shifts. In order to remain a law abiding employer or you are just to make scheduling easier, an online employee scheduler such as Zip Schedules would be a great way to keep track of overtime, time offs, vacation, and shift changes with ease.